A Turkish bath or Hamam is the Islamic variant of the Roman bath. The Turkish bath starts with relaxation in a warm room that is heated by a continuous flow of hot, dry air, allowing the bather to perspire freely. Bathers may then move to an even hotter room before they wash in cold water. After performing a full body wash and receiving a massage, bathers finally retire to the cooling-room for a period of relaxation.
Haseki Hürrem Sultan Hamami
- The Haseki Hurrem Sultan Hamamı, Ayasofya Haseki Hamamı, is a Turkish hamam that was commissioned by the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman I's wife, Hürrem Sultan. The bath was plan and constructed by Mimar Sinan during the 16th century in Istanbul. It was built on the site of historical Baths of Zeuxippus for the religious community of the nearby Hagia Sophia. The Hamam was planned as a double bath and entered by east and west doors. From main doors entered to cold room section used as changing rooms. After bath experience used to relax, drink a replenishing sherbet (fruit drink). Then entered warm room after perspiring in the hot room, this is the place where the attendants will scrub your skin. Lastly entered to the hot room with a large marble platform where you first go and heat prepares your skin for the scrub. It is also where the bubble wash and massage service is provided after your scrub. In hot section marble platform sorrounded by both open and private alcoves (halvet).
- Before the bath constructed here there was a place belong to Nevsehirli Ibrahin Pasa. The palace was fired in 1740 and at the same place Cagaloglu Hamamı was constructed. The Cagaloğlu Hamamı was constructed during reign of Mahmut I. in 1741. The Hamam income used to compensate for expenditure of the library inside the mosque of Hagia Sophia. The plan of hamam made by one of the head architects of that time, Suleyman Aga, and applied by Abdullah Aga. Cagaloglu Hamamı is the biggest double bath of Istanbul. At construction of building and arranging of cold and hot sections barok style take attention of viewers. It is the last example of its kind to be built in Istanbul and is still operational today.
- The Cemberlitas Hamami was established by Nurbanu Sultan, wife of Selim II. in 1584 by architect Sinan. It was constructed for the purpose of bringing in revenue to support the Valide-i Atik Charity Complex in Uskudar. The Çemberlitas Hamam was planned as a double bath consisting of two identical, side-by-side facilities. In the past the entrance for the women’s section must have been from the Divanyolu Street, but today women also use the men’s entrance and proceed to their own section through a side door. But part of the women’s section was destroyed in street widening process in 1868. The side that was cut off was closed with a wall that has rectangular windows on the bottom and star shaped ones at the top. There are eaves over the entrance and on top of the entrance door there is an inscription with six lines in three columns. The dressing room areas of the men and women’s sections are both roofed with large domes. Each of the warm areas of the bath are roofed by three domes. The plan of this hot area is unique as it does not entirely conform to traditional layouts for this bathing area.
Gedik Pasa Hamami
- Gedik Pasa Hamamı was constructed by architect Hayrettin for Gedik Ahmet Pasa in 1475. Gedik Ahmet Pasa was a stateman and admiral during reign of Mehmet II. and his son Beyazit II. period. The Bath is one of the most important Ottoman historical buildings in Istanbul. After taking off clothes and locking customers go to thehot section of the Turkish Bath. There is marbel platform in the middle of this section and basins surrounding the centre Stone and sauna at the opposite side of the centre Stone. Ceiling of the bath is covered with several small and big domes. After sweating in the sauna, take a message with coarsa bath glove for washing the body. After the message, you can wash yourself and take the advantage of a dip pool. After cleaning, dries your body with towels. After that, you can have good time by drinking tea or other drinks. Enjoy a healthy time. Gedik Pasa Bath is open for male and female customers at the same time, in different sections.
- Suleymaniye Hamam is a historic Turkish bath in Istanbul. The building, situated on a hill facing the Golden Horn, was built in 1557 by Turkish architect Mimar Sinan; it was named after Suleyman the Magnificent. The hamam is part of the complex of the Suleymaniye Mosque. It was visited many times by Sultan Suleyman and he always prefered to situate himself in the same corner of the hamam. Suleymaniye Bath is one of the nicest baths of Istanbul with its domes and geometrically aligned chimneys. There are eight marble colomns surrounding the central massage Stone, with elaborate marble inlay work on the walls. Sulemaniye Hamam is a traditional bathhouse consisting of three sections: cold, warm and hot. The hamam is still operating today and caters mainly to tourists. Today the hamam is mixed, serving both men and women simultaneously. Male attendants, cater to all the clients. The bath that was closed in 1924 was renovated and recommenced serving in the year 2004.
Kilic Ali Pasa Hamami
Kılıc Ali Pasa was one of the greatest admirals in Ottoman history. Born in Calabria, southern Italy. Since he had shown great skill and performance in many significant battles. The milestone of his career was the battle of Lepanto in 1571, after which he was appointed as Chief Admiral.
The hamam was commissioned to the great architect Sinan by the Admiral Kılıç Ali Paşa as part of the mosque and school complex, Kılıç Ali Paşa Hamamı was constructed in between 1578-1583 to serve marine forces in the Ottoman navy. Famous for its architectural lines and majestic dome, the Hamam is one of the symbolic buildings in Tophane, Istanbul’s harbor district. Kılıç Ali Paşa Hamamı has opened after seven years of meticulous and intensive restoration, and endeavors to provide you with an experience to remember within its amazing historical atmosphere.
- Aga Hamami was was constructed by Mehmed the Conqueror and used as a private hamam by Mehmed the Conqueror and his sons. It was first turkish bath in Istanbul. When Mehmet the Conqueror constructed the bath, Beyoglu District was not a settlement area. The Sultans would come to Beyoglu District for hunting. He constructed this building as a hunting house in 1454. Ağa hamamı was designed as a hamam below the two flats above. It underwent a large-scale renovation in 1844 by Abdulmecid. It was used by the Ottoman Sultans and their sons until the final years of the Ottoman Empire. Later periods in Rupublic period an Armenian woman bought the Ağa hamamı and was opened to the public. The last renovation was in 1986 by Ali Yilmaz. It serves tourists mixed hamam in Istanbul for over ten years.
- Galatasaray Hamam originally was constructed a part of complex during the regin on Beyazit II in 1481. The construction of Galatasaray Complex based on the story after Sultan Beyazit and Gul Baba, a respected man of his time, meet. Gul baba ask Sultan for a wish. Sultan Beyazit accepts the wish and makes the kulliye be built in 1481. Gul Baba’s grave is still in the Kulliye and the Galatasaray Hammam has conquered over the centuries just like he has wished. Galatasaray Hammam has served the students of Galatasaray Lycee. When the students were in the bath, the door of the hammam was closed and no other customers were let in. Galatasaray Hammam, with the heritage of the past, is also modern, both in the quality of its services and the hospitality of its staff.